Ireland's central source for Open Access health research
Lenus, the Irish Health Research repository is the leading source for Irish research in health and social care. The Lenus collections include peer reviewed journal articles, grey literature, dissertations, reports and conference presentations. Lenus contains the publications of the Irish Health Service Executive (HSE) and the collected research output of over 130 health organisations past and present are all freely accessible.
If you are an Irish researcher or have conducted research in an Irish institution or health organisation, you can add your published research to Lenus. Submitted articles must be available in Open Access format or the publisher's policy must permit author self archiving. Advice on Open Access publishing and publishers' policies is available on the 'Open Access Publishing Guide' and 'Publishers' policies' pages available on the left-hand menu.
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HSE Open Access Research Awards 2020
Despite the obstacles presented by the coronavirus, the HSE Open Access Awards went ahead as usual this year, in an all-virtual form. The usual range of subject categories was replaced by just one: Covid-19, and the presentation ceremony took place on Friday 11th December 2020.
The standard of entries was excellent, and external judge Professor Jonathan Drennan said it was extremely hard to choose between them. “It was an extremely difficult decision – they were extremely high quality – but it’s an enjoyable process. It was great to see the quality and standards reviewed across all the applications.”
The winners of the HSE Open Access Awards 2020 are:
Dale Francis Whelehan and colleagues: COVID-19 and surgery: A thematic analysis of unintended consequences on performance, practice and surgical training.
Dónal Ó Mathúna and colleagues: Clinical, laboratory and radiological characteristics and outcomes of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection in humans: A systematic review and series of meta-analyses.
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Dose response of the 16p11.2 distal copy number variant on intracranial volume and basal ganglia.Carriers of large recurrent copy number variants (CNVs) have a higher risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The 16p11.2 distal CNV predisposes carriers to e.g., autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. We compared subcortical brain volumes of 12 16p11.2 distal deletion and 12 duplication carriers to 6882 non-carriers from the large-scale brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging collaboration, ENIGMA-CNV. After stringent CNV calling procedures, and standardized FreeSurfer image analysis, we found negative dose-response associations with copy number on intracranial volume and on regional caudate, pallidum and putamen volumes (β = -0.71 to -1.37; P < 0.0005). In an independent sample, consistent results were obtained, with significant effects in the pallidum (β = -0.95, P = 0.0042). The two data sets combined showed significant negative dose-response for the accumbens, caudate, pallidum, putamen and ICV (P = 0.0032, 8.9 × 10-6, 1.7 × 10-9, 3.5 × 10-12 and 1.0 × 10-4, respectively). Full scale IQ was lower in both deletion and duplication carriers compared to non-carriers. This is the first brain MRI study of the impact of the 16p11.2 distal CNV, and we demonstrate a specific effect on subcortical brain structures, suggesting a neuropathological pattern underlying the neurodevelopmental syndromes.
Persistent Effects of Musical Training on Mathematical Skills of Children With Developmental Dyscalculia.Musical training (MT) is perceived as a multi-sensory program that simultaneously integrates visual, aural, oral, and kinesthetic senses. Furthermore, MT stimulates cognitive functions in a ludic way instead of tapping straight into the traditional context of school learning, including mathematics. Nevertheless, the efficacy of MT over mathematics remains understudied, especially concerning longstanding effects. For this reason, this longitudinal study explored the impact of MT on numerical cognition and abstract visual reasoning using a double-blind and quasi-experimental design. We assessed two groups of children from primary schools, namely one with developmental dyscalculia [DD; n = 22] and another comprising typically developing children [TD; n = 22], who concomitantly underwent MT. Numerical cognition measurement was carried out at four different time points: Baseline (pre-MT assessment), mid-test (after 7 weeks of MT), post-test (after 14 weeks of MT), and follow-up (10 weeks after the end of MT). Significant interactions were found between time and group for numerical cognition performance, in which the DD group showed higher scores in number comprehension, number production at mid-test, and calculation at post-test compared to baseline. A key finding was that number production, number comprehension, and calculation effects were time-resistant for the DD group since changes remained on follow-up. Moreover, no significant differences over time were found for abstract visual reasoning for both groups. In conclusion, the findings of this study showed that MT appears to be a useful tool for compensatory remediation of DD.