• Orientation to time as a guide to the presence and severity of cognitive impairment in older hospital patients.

      O'Keeffe, Emma; Mukhtar, Osman; O'Keeffe, Shaun T; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Unit 4, Merlin Park University Hospital, Galway, Ireland. sokanc@iolfree.ie (2011-05)
      Testing of orientation to time is an important part of mental status examination. The validity of errors in different aspects of temporal orientation was examined in older hospital patients as a guide to the presence of dementia or delirium and as a measure of the severity of dementia, as defined by the Global Deterioration Scale.
    • Sequential compression biomechanical device in patients with critical limb ischemia and nonreconstructible peripheral vascular disease.

      Sultan, Sherif; Hamada, Nader; Soylu, Esraa; Fahy, Anne; Hynes, Niamh; Tawfick, Wael; Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Western Vascular Institute, University College Hospital, Galway, Ireland. sherif.sultan@hse.ie (Journal of vascular surgery, 2011-08)
      Critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients who are unsuitable for intervention face the dire prospect of primary amputation. Sequential compression biomechanical device (SCBD) therapy provides a limb salvage option for these patients. This study assessed the outcome of SCBD in severe CLI patients who otherwise would face an amputation. Primary end points were limb salvage and 30-day mortality. Secondary end points were hemodynamic outcomes (increase in popliteal artery flow and toe pressure), ulcer healing, quality-adjusted time without symptoms of disease or toxicity of treatment (Q-TwiST), and cost-effectiveness.