• Fetal death in twins.

      Mahony, Rhona; Mulcahy, Celia; McAuliffe, Fionnuala; Herlihy, Colm O; Carroll, Stephen; Foley, Michael E; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Maternity Hospital, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. rhonamahony@hotmail.com (2011-11)
      To examine the pattern and prospective risk of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) in twin pregnancy by chorionicity.
    • Imaging and assessment of placental function.

      Moran, Mary; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M; School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. (Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU, 2011-09)
      The placenta is the vital support organ for the developing fetus. This article reviews current ultrasound (US) methods of assessing placental function. The ability of ultrasound to detect placental pathology is discussed. Doppler technology to investigate the fetal, placental, and maternal circulations in both high-risk and uncomplicated pregnancies is discussed and the current literature on the value of three-dimensional power Doppler studies to assess placental volume and vascularization is also evaluated. The article highlights the need for further research into three-dimensional ultrasound and alternative methods of placental evaluation if progress is to be made in optimizing placental function assessment.
    • Maternal and fetal placental growth hormone and IGF axis in type 1 diabetic pregnancy.

      Higgins, Mary F; Russell, Noirin E; Crossey, Paul A; Nyhan, Kristine C; Brazil, Derek P; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M; UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. (2012)
      Placental growth hormone (PGH) is a major growth hormone in pregnancy and acts with Insulin Like Growth Factor I (IGF-I) and Insulin Like Growth Hormone Binding Protein 3 (IGFBP3). The aim of this study was to investigate PGH, IGF-I and IGFBP3 in non-diabetic (ND) compared to Type 1 Diabetic (T1DM) pregnancies.
    • Placental pathology, birthweight discordance, and growth restriction in twin pregnancy: results of the ESPRiT Study.

      Kent, Etaoin M; Breathnach, Fionnuala M; Gillan, John E; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M; Geary, Michael P; Daly, Sean; Higgins, John R; Hunter, Alyson; Morrison, John J; Burke, Gerard; et al. (American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 2012-09)
      We sought to evaluate the association between placental histological abnormalities and birthweight discordance and growth restriction in twin pregnancies.
    • A randomised control trial of low glycaemic index carbohydrate diet versus no dietary intervention in the prevention of recurrence of macrosomia.

      Walsh, Jennifer; Mahony, Rhona; Foley, Michael; Mc Auliffe, Fionnuala; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Dublin National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. jennifer.walsh@ucd.ie (2010)
      Maternal weight and maternal weight gain during pregnancy exert a significant influence on infant birth weight and the incidence of macrosomia. Fetal macrosomia is associated with an increase in both adverse obstetric and neonatal outcome, and also confers a future risk of childhood obesity. Studies have shown that a low glycaemic diet is associated with lower birth weights, however these studies have been small and not randomised 12. Fetal macrosomia recurs in a second pregnancy in one third of women, and maternal weight influences this recurrence risk 3.