Publications and research by the Health Research Board

Recent Submissions

  • COVID-19 IDD: Findings from a global survey exploring family members' and paid staff's perceptions of the impact of COVID-19 on individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and their caregivers.

    Linehan, Christine; Birkbeck, Gail; Araten-Bergman, Tal; Baumbusch, Jennifer; Beadle-Brown, Julie; Bigby, Christine; Bradley, Valerie; Brown, Michael; Bredewold, Femmianne; Chirwa, Masauso; et al. (2022-04-04)
    Background: A growing body of evidence attests to the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) during the pandemic. This study asked caregivers about their perceptions of how COVID-19 impacted them and the people they support. Method: An online survey was conducted in 12 countries during August-September 2020 and sought information on demographics, support practices, information and training, experiences of COVID-19, social distancing, and wellbeing, as measured by the DASS12. This study reports on 3,754 family members, direct support professionals, and managers who participated in the survey. Results: Caregivers observed increases in depression/anxiety, stereotyped behaviours, aggression towards others and weight gain in the person(s) they supported. They also reported difficulties supporting the person(s) to access healthcare.  Families reported reducing or ceasing employment and absorbed additional costs when supporting their family member. Direct support professionals experienced changes in staff shifts, staff absences, increased workload and hiring of casual staff. Caregivers' wellbeing revealed high levels of stress, depression, and less so anxiety. The strongest predictor of wellbeing among families was observation of changes in mood in the person(s) they supported, while for direct support professionals, the strongest predictors of wellbeing were reorganisation of staff shifts and increases in new direct support staff.  Discussion: Findings support the contention of this population experiencing a disproportionate burden during the COVID-19 pandemic, reflecting historical inequities in access to healthcare and other human rights violations which are now protected under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
  • An Bord Taighde Sláinte: Tuarascáil Bhliantúil 2020

    Health Research Board (HRB) (Health Research Board (HRB), 2021-07-27)
  • Health Research Board: Annual report 2020

    Health Research Board (HRB) (Health Research Board (HRB), 2021-12-08)
  • Risk factors for completed suicide among people who use drugs: A scoping review protocol.

    Murphy, Lisa; Lyons, Suzi; O'Sullivan, Michael; Lynn, Ena (2021-05-17)
    Background: Research over the past several decades has shown an increased risk for completed suicide among people who use drugs (PWUD). However, no study to date has attempted to summarise the available literature on the variety of risk factors associated with this increased risk. This paper presents a protocol for a scoping review that aims to systematically map and synthesise the extent and nature of published, unpublished and grey literature related to risk factors for suicide among PWUD. Methods: The following six-stage methodological framework for scoping reviews proposed by Arksey and O'Malley with enhancements by Levac and colleagues will be used: (1) identifying the research question, (2) identifying relevant studies, (3) study selection, (4) charting/mapping the data, (5) collating, summarising and reporting results and (6) expert consultation. The review will be conducted and reported in accordance with the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). Key inclusion and exclusion criteria will be developed to guide literature screening and data charting. Three reviewers will conduct the initial screening of published, unpublished and grey literature. Identified risk factors will be collated, summarised and categorised iteratively by two independent reviewers. Stakeholder consultation will occur with experts from a national steering committee, a national advisory group, a national suicide prevention centre and a European drug monitoring centre. Conclusion: Collating and thematically categorising the various risk factors for suicide among this high-risk group will hold important implications for future research, policy and practice. The research will be disseminated through publication in a peer-reviewed academic journal and a conference presentation, and by sharing the findings with key stakeholders working within research, policy-making and professional practice contexts.
  • Relationships between age at first substance use and persistence of cannabis use and cannabis use disorder.

    Millar, Seán R; Mongan, Deirdre; Smyth, Bobby P; Perry, Ivan J; Galvin, Brian (2021-05-27)
  • Identifying interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in the intensive care unit through co-design with stakeholders.

    Lambe, Kathryn; Lydon, Sinéad; McSharry, Jenny; Byrne, Molly; Squires, Janet; Power, Michael; Domegan, Christine; O'Connor, Paul (2021-07-16)
    Background: Despite the effectiveness of hand hygiene (HH) for infection control, there is a lack of robust scientific data to guide how HH can be improved in intensive care units (ICUs).  The aim of this study is to use the literature, researcher, and stakeholder opinion to explicate potential interventions for improving HH compliance in the ICU, and provide an indication of the suitability of these interventions. Methods: A four-phase co-design study was designed. First, data from a previously completed systematic literature review was used in order to identify unique components of existing interventions to improve HH in ICUs. Second, a workshop was held with a panel of 10 experts to identify additional intervention components. Third, the 91 intervention components resulting from the literature review and workshop were synthesised into a final list of 21 hand hygiene interventions. Finally, the affordability, practicability, effectiveness, acceptability, side-effects/safety, and equity of each intervention was rated by 39 stakeholders (health services researchers, ICU staff, and the public). Results: Ensuring the availability of essential supplies for HH compliance was the intervention that received most approval from stakeholders. Interventions involving role models and peer-to-peer accountability and support were also well regarded by stakeholders. Education/training interventions were commonplace and popular. Punitive interventions were poorly regarded. Conclusions: Hospitals and regulators must make decisions regarding how to improve HH compliance in the absence of scientific consensus on effective methods. Using collective input and a co-design approach, the guidance developed herein may usefully support implementation of HH interventions that are considered to be effective and acceptable by stakeholders.
  • Correlates of patterns of cannabis use, abuse and dependence: evidence from two national surveys in Ireland.

    Millar, Seán R; Mongan, Deirdre; O'Dwyer, Claire; Long, Jean; Smyth, Bobby P; Perry, Ivan J; Galvin, Brian (2021-04-24)
  • Funders' responsibility to ensure value in research: a self-audit by the Health Research Board Ireland.

    Cody, Anne; Hiney, Maura; Clarke, Patricia; O'Driscoll, Mairead (2021-07-29)
  • Drinking in denial: a cross-sectional analysis of national survey data in Ireland to measure drinkers' awareness of their alcohol use.

    Mongan, Deirdre; Millar, Sean R; O'Dwyer, Claire; Long, Jean; Galvin, Brian; Evidence Centre, Health Research Board, Dublin, Ireland dmongan@hrb.ie. (2020-07-21)
  • National approaches to regulating health and social care professions: an evidence brief

    Coyle, Camille; McAuliffe, Sean; Buggy, Sarah; Farragher, Louise; Farragher, Ailish; Long, Jean; Health Research Board (Health Research Board, 2021-05)
  • National Ability Supports System (NASS) 2019

    Casey, Claire; O'Sullivan, Michael; Fanagan, Sarah; Doyle, Anne (Health Research Board, 2020-09)
  • Vaccine injury redress programmes: an evidence review

    Keane, Martin; Moloney, Tonya; Lee, Caitriona; O'Sullivan, Michael; Long, Jean (health Research Board, 2019-03)
  • National Drug Treatment Reporting System 2012 – 2018 Drug Data

    Health Research Board (Health Research Board, 2019-10)
  • HRB Policy on Management and Sharing of Research Data v.1.0

    Health Research Board (Health Research Board, 2019-11)
  • Review of clinical research infrastructure in Ireland: final report

    Ward, Oonagh; Kennelly, Helen (Health Research Board, 2019-08)
  • Aspirin for primary prevention of stroke in individuals without cardiovascular disease-A meta-analysis.

    Judge, Conor; Ruttledge, Sarah; Murphy, Robert; Loughlin, Elaine; Gorey, Sarah; Costello, Maria; Nolan, Aoife; Ferguson, John; Halloran, Martin O; O'Canavan, Michelle; et al. (2019-06-25)
  • Drinking patterns and the distribution of alcohol-related harms in Ireland: evidence for the prevention paradox.

    O'Dwyer, Claire; Mongan, Deirdre; Millar, Seán R; Rackard, Marion; Galvin, Brian; Long, Jean; Barry, Joe (2019-10-22)

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