• To screen or not to screen for subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy?

      Freyne, A; Byrne, B (Irish Medical Journal, 2013-06)
      Not unlike screening for gestational diabetes, controversy prevails over the value of screening for thyroid disease in pregnancy. Fortunately, overt hypothyroidism is rare in pregnancy (0.3-0.5%) because it is associated with infertility and increased rates of first trimester miscarriage. Studies suggest that obstetric complications such as hypertension, placental abruption, preterm delivery, perinatal morbidity and mortality are increased in women with hypothyroidism in pregnancy1 and there is evidence that the offspring of untreated mothers have neuropsychological and cognitive impairment. Subclinical hypothyroidism (Elevated TSH and normal Free T4) is estimated to be present in 2 â 2.5% of pregnant women. It is not as clearly associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcome but there is some evidence that maternal subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with impaired psychomotor development in the offspring 2.