Cocaine-related admissions to an intensive care unit: a five-year study of incidence and outcomes.
AffiliationDepartment of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. email@example.com
Intensive Care Units
Length of Stay
MetadataShow full item record
CitationCocaine-related admissions to an intensive care unit: a five-year study of incidence and outcomes. 2010, 65 (2):163-6 Anaesthesia
AbstractCocaine misuse is increasing and it is evidently considered a relatively safe drug of abuse in Ireland. To address this perception, we reviewed the database of an 18-bed Dublin intensive care unit, covering all admissions from 2003 to 2007. We identified cocaine-related cases, measuring hospital mortality and long-term survival in early 2009. Cocaine-related admissions increased from around one annually in 2003-05 to 10 in 2007. Their median (IQR [range]) age was 25 (21-35 [17-47]) years and 78% were male. The median (IQR [range]) APACHE II score was 16 (11-27 [5-36]) and length of intensive care stay was 5 (3-9 [1-16]) days. Ten patients died during their hospital stay. A further five had died by the time of follow-up, a median of 24 months later. One was untraceable. Cocaine toxicity necessitating intensive care is increasingly common in Dublin. Hospital mortality in this series was 52%. These findings may help to inform public attitudes to cocaine.
- Epidemiology of severe sepsis occurring in the first 24 hrs in intensive care units in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
- Authors: Padkin A, Goldfrad C, Brady AR, Young D, Black N, Rowan K
- Issue date: 2003 Sep
- Case mix, outcome and activity for patients admitted to intensive care units requiring chronic renal dialysis: a secondary analysis of the ICNARC Case Mix Programme Database.
- Authors: Hutchison CA, Crowe AV, Stevens PE, Harrison DA, Lipkin GW
- Issue date: 2007
- Hospital mortality rate and length of stay in patients admitted at night to the intensive care unit.
- Authors: Morales IJ, Peters SG, Afessa B
- Issue date: 2003 Mar
- Mortality rates under the care of junior and senior surgery residents in a surgical intensive care unit/neurologic intensive care unit: a 5-year retrospective cohort study at Taoyuan Armed Forces General Hospital.
- Authors: Lee MT, Hu P, Hsi SC, Liu KY, Chao HM, Chen YQ
- Issue date: 2008 Dec
- Utility of Acute Physiology, Age, and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE III) score in maternal admissions to the intensive care unit.
- Authors: Stevens TA, Carroll MA, Promecene PA, Seibel M, Monga M
- Issue date: 2006 May